Deyssel, Lodewijk van (lōˈdəvĭk vän dēˈsəl) [key], pseud. of Karel Joan Lodewijk Alberdingk Thijm, 1864–1952, Dutch novelist, critic, and essayist. He was editor of De Nieuwe Gids [the new guide], the monthly organ of the progressive literary movement, the "Eighters." His two novels, De kleine Republiek [little republic] (1886) and Een Liefde [love story] (1887), shocked Dutch society with their explicit naturalism. Deyssel subsequently shifted to mysticism, documenting his evolution in Van Zola tot Maeterlinck [from Zola to Maeterlinck] (1895).