Dias, Antônio Gonçalves (əntôˈnyŏ gŏnsälˈvəs dēˈəs) [key], 1823–64, Brazilian poet and dramatist. A leading writer of the romantic school, he is noted for his strong nativist feeling and his glorification of the indigenous people of Brazil. His nostalgic poem "Canção in exílio" might be called the Brazilian national poem. His volumes of poetry include Primeiros cantos (1846), Segundos cantos (1846), Ultimos cantos (1851), and Os Timbiras (1857). Gonçalves Dias wrote several plays and a dictionary of the Tupi language (1858). He was drowned in a shipwreck.
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