Dufferin and Ava, Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st marquess of (dŭfˈərĭn, äˈvə, āˈvə) [key], 1826–1902, British diplomat. He served on numerous missions abroad, as governor-general of Canada (1872–78), ambassador to Russia (1879–81), ambassador to Turkey (1881–82), commissioner to Egypt (1882–83), viceroy of India (1884–88), ambassador to Italy (1888–91), and ambassador to France (1891–96). His administration in India saw the annexation (1886) of Myanmar and an improvement in relations with the Afghans.
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