Eboué, Félix Adolphe (fālēksˈ ädôlfˈ ĕbwāˈ) [key], 1884–1944, French colonial official. After service in Martinique and in the Sudan, he became France's first black colonial governor. He served as governor of Chad (1938–40), and then as governor-general of French Equatorial Africa (1940–44), attempting to develop the economy of the region while retaining a respect for African society and customs.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.