See Eisenhower's memoirs of his years in the White House, Mandate for Change (1963) and Waging Peace (1965); his papers, ed. by A. D. Chandler, Jr., and S. E. Ambrose (5 vol., 1970); memoir, General Ike (2003), by his son, J. S. D. Eisenhower; biographies by H. S. Parmet (1972), P. Lyon (1974), S. E. Ambrose, (2 vol., 1985–90), his grandson, D. Eisenhower (1986), G. Perret (1999), T. Wicker (2002), J. Newton (2011), and J. E. Smith (2012); S. Adams, Firsthand Report (1961); E. K. G. Sixsmith, Eisenhower as Military Commander (1973); C. D'Este, Eisenhower: A Soldier's Life (2002); M. Perry, Partners in Command: George Marshall and Dwight Eisenhower in War and Peace (2007); S. Weintraub, 15 Stars: Eisenhower, MacArthur, Marshall (2007); J. W. Jordan, Brothers, Rivals, Victors: Eisenhower, Patton, Bradley … (2011); W. L. Miller, Two Americans: Truman, Eisenhower, and a Dangerous World (2012); J. Newton, Eisenhower: The White House Years (2012); E. Thomas, Ike's Bluff (2012); J. Frank, Ike and Dick (2013).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.