Eldjárn, Kristján (krĭstyounˈ ĕldyournˈ) [key], 1916–82, Icelandic statesman and archaeologist. Educated at the universities of Copenhagen and Iceland, he was an assistant at the National Museum of Iceland (1945–47) and then its curator (1947–68). A prolific scholar, he belonged to numerous archaeological and literary societies. He was elected president of Iceland in 1968 and reelected in 1972 and in 1976.
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