Elton, Sir Geoffrey Rudolph, 1921–94, English historian, b. Germany as Geoffrey Rudolph Ehrenberg. He was educated at the Univ. of London and began teaching at Cambridge in 1949, holding the post of Regius Professor of Modern History there from 1983 to 1988. As a scholar of Tudor administrative history, Elton reassessed historical conceptions of the Tudor era. In The Tudor Revolution in Government (1953) he showed the Tudor monarchy and administration developing in response to new problems, notably those created by the English Reformation. Other works include England under the Tudors (1955), The Tudor Constitution (1960), Reformation Europe (1963), Reform and Renewal (1973), Reform and Reformation: England 1509–1558 (1977), The Parliament of England 1559–1581 (1986), and The English (1992).
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