Esau (ēˈsô) [key] [Heb., = hairy], in the Bible, son of Isaac, who sold his birthright to his younger twin, Jacob, for lentil stew and who was tricked by Jacob out of his father's blessing. Also known as Edom [Heb., = ruddy], the disinherited Esau settled on Mt. Seir, which became the home of his descendants, the Edomites, a tribe consistently hostile to the Jews. In tradition, Esau is represented as a rough hunter, deemed unworthy to inherit the mission of Abraham. The New Testament calls Esau "immoral and godless." Yet his descendants do become a nation, protected by God.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Esau from Fact Monster:

  • Jaalam - Jaalam Jaalam , in the Bible, son of Esau.
  • Bashemath - Bashemath Bashemath , in the Bible, wife of Esau.
  • Jetheth - Jetheth Jetheth , in the Bible, duke of Edom and descendant of Esau.
  • Adah - Adah Adah , in the Bible. 1. Wife of Esau. 2. Wife of Lamech.
  • Aholibamah - Aholibamah Aholibamah , in the Bible. 1. One of Esau's wives. 2. Duke of Edom.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Biblical Proper Names: Biographies

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