Alessandro Farnese

Farnese, Alessandro (älĕs-sänˈdrō färnāˈzā) [key], 1545–92, duke of Parma and Piacenza (1586–92), general and diplomat in the service of Philip II of Spain. He was the son of Duke Ottavio Farnese and Margaret of Parma and thus a nephew of Philip II and of John of Austria, under whom he distinguished himself at the battle of Lepanto (1571). In 1577, Farnese joined John in the Low Countries to fight the rebels against Spain. Appointed (1578) governor of the Netherlands, he took Tournai, Maastricht, Breda, Bruges, Ghent, and Antwerp from the rebels and secured continued possession of the southern part of the Netherlands for Spain (see Netherlands, Austrian and Spanish). In 1590 he was sent to France at the head of a Spanish army to assist the Catholic League against Henry IV of France. He relieved the siege of Paris (1590) and the siege of Rouen (1592), but was wounded soon afterward and retired to Arras, where he died. Farnese showed exceptional skill in military art and diplomacy.

See R. Solari, The House of Farnese (1968).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Alessandro Farnese from Fact Monster:

  • Farnese - Farnese Farnese , Italian noble family that ruled Parma and Piacenza from 1545 to 1731. In the 12th ...
  • Paul III - Paul III Paul III, 1468–1549, pope (1534–49), a Roman named Alessandro Farnese; ...
  • Parma, Alessandro Farnese, duca di - Parma, Alessandro Farnese, duca di: Parma, Alessandro Farnese, duca di: see Farnese, Alessandro.
  • Julius Pomponius Laetus - Pomponius Laetus, Julius Pomponius Laetus, Julius , 1425–1498?, Italian humanist, also called ...
  • Farnese Palace - Farnese Palace Farnese Palace, in Rome, designed by Antonio da Sangallo (see under Sangallo) for ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Italian History: Biographies

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe