Fauchard, Pierre (pyĕr fōshärˈ) [key], 1678–1761, French dentist, a founder of modern dentistry. He practiced in Paris from c.1715 and was influential in raising dentistry from a trade to a profession. He advocated the sharing of dental knowledge and wrote The Surgeon Dentist (1728, tr. of 2d ed. 1946), long a standard work on dentistry.