Fauré, Gabriel Urbain (gäbrēĕlˈ ürbăNˈ fōrāˈ) [key], 1845–1924, French composer; pupil of Saint-Saëns. In 1896 he succeeded Massenet as professor of composition at the Paris Conservatory, and was its director from 1905 to 1920. Among his many pupils were Ravel and Enesco. His works, largely of a refined, intimate quality, include nocturnes and barcaroles for piano, chamber music, and three operas. He is best known for his Requiem (1888) and many exquisite songs, including "Clair de Lune."
See studies by N. Suckling (1952), E. Vuillermoz (tr. 1969), and R. Orledge (1982).