Fay, Sidney Bradshaw, 1876–1967, American historian, b. Washington, D.C. Fay, professor of history at Dartmouth College (1902–14), Smith (1914–29), and Harvard (1929–46), earned his name as an authority on European diplomatic history. In The Origins of the World War (1928; 2d ed., rev. 1930; repr. 1967), Fay asserted that the responsibility for World War I was shared by all the powers involved, but that Austria, Serbia, and Russia were primarily to blame. His other works include The Rise of Brandenburg-Prussia to 1786 (1937).
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