Feng Yü-hsiang

Feng Yü-hsiang (fŭng yü-shyäng) [key], 1882–1948, Chinese general. He held various military positions under the Ch'ing dynasty. Feng's conversion to Methodism in 1914 gained him the sobriquet the Christian General. From 1920 to 1926 he struggled with Wu P'ei-fu and Chang Tso-lin for the control of N China and Manchuria. He then threw his support to the Nationalists, and he became minister of war and vice chairman of the Executive Yüan at Nanjing in 1928. By 1930 he had broken with Chiang Kai-shek and had launched an unsuccessful military campaign against him. From 1931 he held office in the Nationalist government, but he never again wielded power. In 1947, while in the United States on an official mission, he denounced the government of Chiang Kai-shek. Feng died in a fire aboard a Russian ship, apparently while en route to Odessa.

See J. Sheridan, Chinese Warlord: The Career of Feng Yü-hsiang (1966).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.