Filchner, Wilhelm (vĭlˈhĕlm fĭlkhˈnər) [key], 1877–1957, German explorer, geophysicist, and travel writer. He led several expeditions to China and Tibet, where he established magnetic stations, and also led the second German Antarctic expedition (1910–12), which discovered Luitpold Land on the southeast coast of Weddell Sea.
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