Fleming, Walter Lynwood, 1874–1932, American historian, b. near Brundidge, Ala. He taught at West Virginia Univ. (1904–7) and at Louisiana State Univ. (1907–17) before becoming professor of history at Vanderbilt. From 1923 to his retirement in 1928 because of ill health, Fleming was dean of the college of arts and sciences and director of the graduate school at Vanderbilt. His scholarly reputation is based chiefly upon his studies of the Reconstruction period. He edited Documents Relating to Reconstruction (1904) and wrote Civil War and Reconstruction in Alabama (1905), Documentary History of Reconstruction (2 vol., 1906–7), The Sequel of Appomattox ("Chronicles of America" series, 1919), and The Freedmen's Savings Bank (1927). From 1914 to 1922 he was a member of the board of editors of the Mississippi Valley Historical Review and was also an editor of the series "The South in the Building of the Nation."
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