Folengo, Teofilo (tāôˈfēlō fōlĕngˈgō) [key], 1496–1544, Italian burlesque poet, who used the pseudonym Merlinus Cocaius or Merlino Cocajo. A Benedictine monk, he left (c.1515) his monastery to become a wandering poet, returning in 1534. Folengo was outstanding among the macaronic poets (who wrote mixing Latin grammatical forms with vernacular vocabulary). His Baldus, which antedates Don Quixote, is a burlesque of the chivalric romance and is considered the great epic of the macaronic type.
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