Friedländer, Max J. (frēdˈlĕndər) [key], 1867–1958, German art historian. Educated in Munich, he became director of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin. He left Germany in 1933 and settled in Holland. A specialist in Netherlandish painting of the 15th and 16th cent., he is best known for his monumental work on that subject, Die Altniederländische Malerei (14 vol., 1924–37). Friedländer was also the author of On Art and Connoisseurship (1942), Landscape, Portrait, Still-Life: Their Origin and Development (tr. 1949), and From Van Eyck to Bruegel (tr. 1956).