Garnier, Jean Louis Charles (zhäN lwē shärl gärnyāˈ) [key], 1825–98, French architect, studied at the École des Beaux-Arts and won the Grand Prix de Rome (1848). He was awarded the commission for the Opéra in Paris (1861–75), which is his principal work. It provided an impressive focus for the new boulevards of G. E. Haussmann's city planning. It is an ornate interpretation of Renaissance architecture, especially noted for the grand staircase. Garnier also built the casino at Monte Carlo.
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