Gatschet, Albert Samuel (găˈchĭt) [key], 1832–1907, American ethnologist, b. Switzerland. He was trained as a linguist in the universities of Bern and Berlin, and after his arrival in the United States he was a pioneer in the scientific study of Native American languages. In 1877 he became ethnologist of the U.S. Geological Survey and in 1879 a member of the newly organized Bureau of American Ethnology. His many reports and records were valuable; a study of the Klamath published in 1890 was particularly outstanding.
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