Gautier, Émile Félix (āmēlˈ fālēksˈ gōtyāˈ) [key], 1864–1940, French geographer, an authority on Algiers, the Sahara, and the French African possessions. He explored W Madagascar (1892–94) and traversed the Sahara in various directions. His books include Madagascar (1902), Le Sahara (1923: tr. Sahara, the Great Desert, 1935), Un Siècle de colonisation (1930), and L'Afrique blanche (1939).
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