Nicholas Fabre Geffrard
Geffrard, Nicholas Fabre (nēkôläˈ fäˈbrə zhĕfrärˈ) [key], 1806–79, president of Haiti (1859–67). He took part (1843) in the revolt against Jean Pierre Boyer and led the insurrection that overthrew Faustin Élie Soulouque in 1859. Although he tried to reform the government, he was continually harassed by counterrevolutions and could accomplish little. He was exiled in 1867.