Gide, Charles (shärl zhēd) [key], 1847–1932, French economist. A professor at the universities of Bordeaux, Montpellier, and Paris, Gide was an expert on international monetary problems. He also played an important part in the cooperative movement, and his Consumers' Co-operative Societies (1904; tr. from 3d French ed. 1921) is a classic in the field. His other works include Principles of Political Economy (1883; tr. from 23d ed. 1924) and, with Charles Rist, History of Economic Doctrines (1909; tr. from 2d ed. 1915).
See K. Walter, ed., Co-operation and Charles Gide (1933).