Gladstone, Herbert John Gladstone, 1st Viscount (glădˈstən) [key], 1854–1930, British statesman; son of William Gladstone. A member of Parliament from 1880 to 1910, he held various offices under his father, was chief whip of the Liberal party (1899–1905), and served as home secretary (1905–9). His influence in the advancement of welfare legislation was seen in bills providing workmen's compensation (1906) and an eight-hour day for miners (1908). Gladstone was created (1910) viscount and was the first governor-general and high commissioner for South Africa (1910–14). His two books about his father are W. E. Gladstone (1918) and After Thirty Years (1928).
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