Goncharova or Gontcharova, Natalie Sergeyevna (nətälˈyə sĕrˌgəyāvˈnə gənchərôˈvə) [key], 1881–1962, Russian painter and designer. After studying painting in Moscow, she met Mikhail Larionov, the painter with whom she founded the Rayonist movement, which strove for a two-dimensional representation of reflected light. Her work shows the influence of Matisse, Gaugin, and Cézanne. As members of numerous art associations, Goncharova participated in many exhibitions. In 1915, she moved to Paris, where she designed sets and costumes.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.