Gorchakov, Mikhail Dmitreyevich, Prince (mēkhəyēlˈ dəmēˈtrēəvĭch gərchəkôfˈ) [key], 1793–1861, Russian general. He served in the Russo-Turkish War of 1828–29, the suppression of the Polish insurrection (1830–31), and the campaign in Hungary (1849). In 1853 he became chief of staff of the Russian army. He succeeded A. S. Menshikov as Russian commander in chief in the Crimean War and heroically defended Sevastopol.
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