Guerrazzi, Francesco Domenico (fränchāsˈkō dō-māˈnēkō gwār-rätˈtsē) [key], 1804–73, Italian patriot and writer, b. Livorno. A radical republican and nationalist, he was repeatedly imprisoned for his activities in the Risorgimento. He became minister and dictator (1848–49) of Tuscany in the government established there during the revolution of 1848, and after its fall he was exiled until 1859. After the unification of Italy (1861), Guerrazzi was a member in the Italian parliament until 1870. His romantic historical novels were written as calls to Italian patriotism; the best known of them is L'assedio di Firenze [the siege of Florence] (1836).
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