Guyton de Morveau, Louis Bernard, Baron (lwē bĕrnärˈ bärôNˈ gētôNˈ də môrvōˈ) [key], 1737–1816, French chemist and lawyer. He wrote the chemical section of the Encyclopédie méthodique (Vol. I, 1786) and collaborated with Lavoisier and others in establishing a system of chemical nomenclature. He taught chemistry (1794–1811) at the École Polytechnique, Paris, served in the Legislative Assembly and in the National Convention during the French Revolution, and was master of the mint (1799–1814). He was created baron in 1811.
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