Hamilton, Sir Ian Standish Monteith (ēˈən, mŏn-tēthˈ) [key], 1853–1947, British general. He served in many campaigns in Asia and Africa, distinguishing himself in the South African War (1899–1902). He was military attaché with the Japanese in the Russo-Japanese War (1904–5). During World War I he commanded (1915) the Mediterranean expeditionary force in the abortive Gallipoli campaign. Relieved of his command, he spent his later years in pacifistic activities. His books include The Millennium? (1918), Gallipoli Diary (1920), and Listening for the Drums (1944).
See biography by his nephew, I. B. M. Hamilton (1966).
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