Harland, Henry, 1861–1905, American novelist, b. St. Petersburg, Russia, studied at Harvard. He traveled extensively in Europe during his childhood. His first novels were written under the pseudonym Sidney Luska and dealt with immigrant Jewish life in the United States. He later abandoned this type of writing and in 1889 left the United States to live in London. There he became one of the leading exponents of fin de siècle aestheticism and with Aubrey Beardsley founded (1894) the Yellow Book. During the three years of the Yellow Book's publication, Harland was its literary editor and contributed many stories to it. His later novels, including The Cardinal's Snuff Box (1900) and The Lady Paramount (1902), were noted for their wit and highly polished prose style.
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