Haverfield, Francis John (hăvˈərfēld) [key], 1860–1919, English historian and archaeologist. Educated at Oxford, he also worked under Theodor Mommsen. In 1907 he became Camden professor of ancient history at Oxford. He was the first scientific historian of Roman Britain. His works include The Romanization of Roman Britain (1905), Ancient Town Planning (1913), and The Roman Occupation of Britain (1924), many monographs, and the authoritative chapters he contributed to the Victoria History of the Counties of England.