Hazard, Paul (pôl äzärˈ) [key], 1878–1944, French scholar. He began his teaching at the Univ. of Lyons in 1910. After World War I he taught at the Sorbonne and in 1925 was appointed to the chair of comparative literature in the Collège de France. In alternate years between 1932 and 1940 he was a visiting lecturer at Columbia Univ. Recognized as an authority on comparative literature, Hazard was elected to the French Academy in 1939. Among his important writings are Histoire illustrée de la littérature française (comp. with Joseph Bédier, 2 vol., 1923–24); Books, Children and Men (1932, tr. 1944); The European Mind, the Critical Years, 1680–1715 (3 vol., 1935, tr. 1953); and European Thought in the Eighteenth Century (3 vol., 1946, tr. 1954).