José Joaquín Herrera
Herrera, José Joaquín (hōsāˈ hwäkēnˈ ārāˈrä) [key], 1792–1854, president of Mexico (1844–45, 1848–51). Rising to power after the collapse of Santa Anna's second presidential administration, he incurred the disfavor of ultraconservatives by attempting to avoid war with the United States; a revolution led by Paredes y Arrillaga resulted in his resignation. After the war he again held the presidency and attempted to reform the government, but his administration was hampered by insurrections of native peoples, political unrest, and a staggering national debt. He was succeeded by Mariano Arista.
See biography by T. E. Cotner (1949, repr. 1969).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Mexican History: Biographies