Hildebrand, Adolf von (äˈdôlf fən hĭlˈdəbränt) [key], 1847–1921, German sculptor and author. He studied in Munich and in Italy, where he spent 18 years. He is best known for his dignified public monuments, such as the equestrian statue of Bismarck in Bremen, and for his realistic portrait busts. Hildebrand defined his art theory in The Problem of Form (tr. 1907), urging that sculpture should emphasize clarity of form rather than meticulous detail.
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