Ibrahim Pasha (ēbrähēmˈ päˈshä) [key], 1789–1848, Egyptian general. He was the eldest son of Muhammad Ali, governor of Egypt under the Ottoman Empire. Ibrahim conducted (1816–19) largely successful campaigns against the Wahhabis in Arabia. He fought (1825–28) against the insurgent Greeks, but the landing of French troops forced him to withdraw from the country. After Muhammad Ali turned against the Ottoman sultan, Ibrahim conquered (1832–33) Syria. His attempts to apply to Syria the reforms that his father had introduced in Egypt caused a series of disorders. Warfare with the Turks was resumed in 1838, but British and Austrian military intervention on Turkey's behalf compelled Ibrahim to evacuate to Egypt. In 1848 he was regent of Egypt during his father's insanity.
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