Hastings Lionel Ismay Ismay, 1st Baron
Ismay, Hastings Lionel Ismay, 1st Baron (ĭzˈmā) [key], 1887–1965, British general, known as "Pug" Ismay. He served in India and, during World War I, in Africa. During World War II he held simultaneously the posts of chief of staff to Winston Churchill and deputy secretary to the war cabinet. In 1946 he retired from the army and received a peerage. In 1951 he was appointed secretary of state for commonwealth relations. He resigned the following year to become secretary-general to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, remaining in that post until 1957.
See his memoirs (1960, repr. 1974).
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