Jacquard, Joseph Marie (zhôzĕfˈ märēˈ zhäkärˈ) [key], 1752–1834, French inventor, whose loom is of the greatest importance in modern mechanical figure weaving. After several years of experimentation, he received a bronze medal for his model exhibited at the Industrial Exposition at Paris (1801). In 1806 his perfected loom was bought by the state and declared public property, and he was granted an annuity of 3,000 francs and a royalty on all looms sold. The Jacquard loom, the first machine to weave in patterns, has had countless adaptations in the modern textile industry.
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