Jiménez, Juan Ramón (hwän rämōnˈ hēmāˈnāth) [key], 1881–1958, Spanish lyric poet, b. Andalusia, studied at the Univ. of Seville. In his youth Jiménez was influenced by the French symbolists; he wrote the romantic Almas de violeta in 1900. He later turned to greater simplicity of style in Diario de un poeta recién casado [diary of a recently married poet]. Later collections include Unidad (1925), Sucesión (1932), and Presente (1935). During the civil war he left Spain and lived for many years in the United States, Cuba, and, finally, Puerto Rico. Jiménez wrote some 32 volumes of poetry. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1956. For English translations see Platero and I (1956) and Three Hundred Poems, 1903–53 (1962).
See studies by H. T. Young (1967) and M. Coke-Enguídanos (1982).