Jongkind, Johann Barthold (yōhänˈ bärˈtôlt yôngˈkĭnt) [key], 1819–91, Dutch landscape painter and etcher. He studied in Paris with Isabey. Jongkind's work was a transition between the Barbizon school and the impressionists, and he notably influenced the latter group. He painted chiefly in France, though many of his scenes are Dutch. He was a fine watercolorist and one of the foremost etchers of the 19th cent. In these media he achieved a fresh rendering of atmospheric effects, especially in his marine scenes. Jongkind is represented in the Rijksmuseum and in the Louvre.
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