Kalinin, Mikhail Ivanovich (mēkhəyēlˈ ēväˈnəvĭch kəlyēˈnyĭn) [key], 1875–1946, Russian revolutionary. Of peasant origin, he was active in revolutionary affairs from his youth. He became the first chairman of the central executive committee of the USSR, or titular head of state (1919–46), and was a member (1925–46) of the politburo.
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