Kanishka (kənĭshˈkə) [key], fl. c.A.D. 120, king of Gandhara. He was the most powerful and renowned ruler of the Kushan dynasty, one of the five tribes of the Yüeh-chih who had divided (1st cent. B.C.) Bactria among them. Earlier Kushan kings had extended their dominion into N India, and Kanishka ruled over an empire that stretched from the Pamirs to Bengal. His capital was at Peshawar. A patron of Buddhism, he built many Buddhist monuments, helped found the Gandharan school of sculpture, and encouraged the spread of Buddhism to central Asia.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Kanishka from Fact Monster:

  • Gandhara - Gandhara Gandhara , historic region of India, now in NW Pakistan. Situated astride the middle Indus ...
  • Peshawar - Peshawar Peshawar , city (1998 pop. 988,005), capital of the North-West Frontier Province, NW ...
  • North-West Frontier Province - North-West Frontier Province North-West Frontier Province, province and historic region (1998 pop. ...
  • Encyclopedia: South Asian History: Biographies - Encyclopeadia articles concerning South Asian History: Biographies.
  • Pakistan: History - History Early History The northwest of the Indian subcontinent, which now constitutes Pakistan, ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: South Asian History: Biographies

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe