Kendrew, John Cowdery, 1917–97, British biochemist, grad. Cambridge (Ph.D. 1949). He was a fellow of Peterhouse College at Cambridge from 1947 to 1975 and was scientific adviser to the British ministry of defense from 1960 to 1964. Kendrew was awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Max Perutz for their studies of the structures of globular proteins. Kendrew's work focused on blood chemistry, and he is credited with pioneering the use of X-ray crystallography to determine the complex structure of proteins.
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