Key, John, 1961–, New Zealand investment banker and politician, prime minister of New Zealand (2008–), b. Auckland, studied Univ. of Canterbury (B.Comm., 1982) and Harvard. Trained as an accountant, Key worked for a large American investment bank. Posted in Singapore, London, and Sydney, he became an extremely successful currency and bond trader. A member of the center-right National party, he returned home (2001) to begin a political career and was first elected to parliament in 2002. In 2004 he was named his party's financial spokesman and in 2006 party leader. A centrist who did much to reinvigorate his party, he became prime minister when the National party won a plurality in the 2008 elections; he again led the party to a win in 2011.
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