Kiarostami, Abbas, 1940–, Iranian filmmaker. Early in his career he was a commercial artist and directed television commercials. In 1969 he founded a film division for a Tehran institute, which became a leading film studio; there he made his first film, the lyrical short Bread and Alley (1970). Kiarostami directed his first feature film in 1977. In the late 1980s his films began to be shown outside Iran, and he attracted major critical attention with Close-Up (1990), about a fraud. The film blurs the lines between the real and the fictional, an approach he often employs; he also often mixes actors with non-actors. Other films include the Earthquake Trilogy (1987, 1992, 1994), Taste of Cherry (1997), The Wind Will Carry Us (1999), and the experimental Shirin (2008). The enigmatic Certified Copy (2011), in which a cultivated European couple may just have met or may be long married, was his first feature made outside Iran. Kiarostami has written screenplays, most famously for The White Balloon (1995), and also is a photographer and a poet.
See studies by M. Saeed-Vafa and J. Rosenbaum (2003) and A. Elena (2005).
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