Henry Knox

Knox, Henry, 1750–1806, American Revolutionary officer, b. Boston. He volunteered for service and went, in 1775, to Ticonderoga to retrieve the captured cannon and mortar there for use in the siege of Boston. The fortification of Dorchester Heights with this artillery compelled the evacuation of Boston by the British. From that time he was a trusted companion of George Washington. The artillery, under his charge, took a conspicuous part in the battles of Princeton, Brandywine, Germantown, Monmouth, and Yorktown. He commanded at West Point (1782–84) and was a founder (1783) of the Society of the Cincinnati. Knox was Secretary of War both under the Articles of Confederation and under the Constitution (1785–94). A conservative, he attempted to raise a force to oppose Shays's Rebellion, and he favored a strong federal government.

See biography by N. Callahan (1958).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Henry Knox from Fact Monster:

  • Fort Knox - Fort Knox Fort Knox [for Henry Knox], U.S. military reservation, 110,000 acres (44,515 hectares), ...
  • Society of the Cincinnati - Cincinnati, Society of the Cincinnati, Society of the [Lat. pl. of Cincinnatus], organization ...
  • Knoxville - Knoxville Knoxville, city (1990 pop. 165,121), seat of Knox co., E Tenn., on the Tennessee River; ...
  • July 25 Birthdays: Thomas Eakins - July 25 birthdays: Thomas Eakins, Henry Knox, Matt LeBlanc, Walter Payton, Arthur Balfour
  • Encyclopedia: U.S. History: Biographies - Encyclopeadia articles concerning U.S. History: Biographies.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. History: Biographies

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe