Koirala, Girija Prasad (gĭrēˈjə präsädˈ koiräˈlä) [key], 1925–2010, Nepalese political leader. He grew up in N India, where his family lived in exile. He helped found the Nepal Trade Union Congress and worked as labor organizer; he also was active in the Nepali Congress party. His brother Bisheshwar Prasad Koirala served as prime minister in Nepal's brief first democratically elected government (1959–60), and G. P. Koirala, who was a member of parliament, was imprisoned (1960–68) following the royal coup that ended that government and later went into exile. Returning to Nepal in 1979, he became prime minister (1991–94) after free elections were held. Accused at times of corruption and mismanagement, he again led governments in 1998–99, 2000–2001, and 2006–8. His last government shepherded Nepal from a monarchy to a republic, and negotiated a peace agreement (2006) with Maoist rebels that ended a decade of strife.
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