Arthur Kornberg

Kornberg, Arthur, 1918–2007, American biochemist, b. Brooklyn, grad. College of the City of New York (B.S., 1937) and Univ. of Rochester (M.D., 1941). In 1942 he joined the U.S. Public Health Service and became (1951) medical director. He was a staff member (1942–52) of the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md. He taught at Washington Univ., St. Louis, from 1953 and was chairman (1959–69) of the department of biochemistry at Stanford, where he remained until his death. Kornberg shared the 1959 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Severo Ochoa for their work in the discovery of the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). Kornberg's discovery of polymerase, an enzyme used to synthesize nucleic acid, contributed to development of genetic engineering.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Arthur Kornberg from Fact Monster:

  • Arthur Kornberg - Biography of Arthur Kornberg, Biochemist who won the Nobel Prize for medicine in 1959 for discovering how DNA is assembled. He was one of three members from the City Coll…
  • Severo Ochoa - Ochoa, Severo Ochoa, Severo , 1905–93, American biochemist and educator, b. Spain, M.D. Univ. ...
  • Year in Review, 2007 - An overview of national and international events, people in the news, timelines, and quizzes|Top events for the nation and the world
  • Information Please: 1959 - 1959 Previous Year | Next Year World | U.S. | Economics | Sports | Entertainment | Science | Deaths ...
  • Nobel Prizes (table) - Nobel Prizes Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature 1901 J. H. Dunant ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Medicine: Biographies