Ernest Orlando Lawrence

Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901–58, American physicist, b. Canton, S. Dak., grad. Univ. of South Dakota, 1922, Ph.D. Yale, 1925. Affiliated with the Univ. of California from 1928 onward, he became a professor in 1930 and director of its radiation laboratory in 1936. For his invention (1930) and development of the cyclotron (see particle accelerator) and his researches in atomic structure and transmutation he received the 1939 Nobel Prize in Physics. With the cyclotron he produced artificially radioactive elements and neutrons useful in nuclear, chemical, and biological research.

See G. Herken, Brotherhood of the Bomb (2002).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Ernest Orlando Lawrence from Fact Monster:

  • Ernest Orlando Lawrence - Ernest Orlando Lawrence Born: 1901 Birthplace: Canton, So. Dakota Method and apparatus for the ...
  • James Rainwater - Rainwater, James Rainwater, James, 1917–86, American physicist, Ph.D. Columbia, 1946. After ...
  • Ernest O. Lawrence - Biography of Ernest O. Lawrence, Nobel Prize-winning inventor of the cyclotron
  • South Dakota - Information on South Dakota — economy, government, culture, state map and flag, major cities, points of interest, famous residents, state motto, symbols, nicknames, and other trivia.
  • Information Please: 1939 - 1939 Previous Year | Next Year World | U.S. | Economics | Sports | Entertainment | Science Year by ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Physics: Biographies