Lenbach, Franz von (fränts fən lānˈbäkh) [key], 1836–1904, German portrait painter. He studied in Munich and Rome and from 1863 to 1868 worked as a copyist of old masters in Italy and Spain. His early work was in genre, but later he devoted himself to portraiture, in a style derivative of Titian and Rembrandt. Lenbach executed portraits of Bismarck, Emperor William I, Field Marshal von Moltke, Pope Leo XIII, Gladstone, Mommsen, Wagner, Liszt, and Johann Strauss. The Metropolitan Museum has A Young Woman and a portrait of Edwin Emerson.