Lindley, John, 1799–1865, English botanist and horticulturist. He organized the first flower shows in England and was influential in preserving the Royal Gardens at Kew (see Kew Gardens). In 1829 he was appointed the first professor of botany at the Univ. of London (later University College). Lindley wrote the botanical articles for the Penny Cyclopaedia and a major portion of those in Loudon's Encyclopaedia of Plants. He also wrote The Fossil Flora of Great Britain (with William Hutton, 1831–37), The Theory of Horticulture (1840), and The Vegetable Kingdom (1846).