Lispector, Clarice (klârˈĭs lēspĕkˈtər) [key], 1925–77, Brazilian author, b. Ukraine as Chaya Pinkhasovna Lispector. She immigrated to Brazil as an infant when her Jewish family fled the Russian pogroms. An editor, translator, newspaper columnist, and law student as well as a fiction writer, as renowned for her exotic beauty as for her literary talents, Lispector was married to a diplomat and traveled widely. In 1959 she divorced and returned to Rio. Lispector burst on the Brazilian literary scene in 1943 with the publication of her first novel, the semiautobiographical Near to the Wild Heart (tr. 1990). Her avant-garde modernist fiction—elusive, mysterious, and relatively plotless with a collagelike and elliptical stream-of-consciousness style—has been extremely influential in Brazil, where she is both popular and highly regarded critically, and in Europe. In North America, however, she was little known until the early 21st cent. Many of her nine novels, e.g., The Apple in the Dark (1961, tr. 1967), The Passion According to G. H. (1964, tr. 1988), The Hour of the Star (1977, tr. 1986), and eight short-story collections, e.g., Family Ties (1960, tr. 1972) and Soulstorm (tr. 1989), focus on human isolation, alienation, and moral uncertainty, and particularly on the unhappiness of women. She also wrote four children's books.
See her newspaper columns in Selected Crónicas (tr. 1996); D. E. Marting, ed., Clarice Lispector: A Bio-Bibliography (1993); biography by B. Moser (2009); studies by E. E. Fitz (1985 and 2001), H. Cixous (tr. 1990), M Peixoto (1994), M. J. S. Barbosa (1997), and C. P. Alonso and C. Williams, ed. (2002).
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